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Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank July 11, 2019

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

The idea of creating a new multilateral bank, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), was first evinced by President Xi Jinping of China in October 2013. After more than 800 days of combined preparatory efforts by 57 countries, the AIIB was formally established, in accordance with China's proposal, on December 25, 2015 in Beijing. The bank held its opening ceremony on January 16, 2016, and President Xi Jinping made a speech at the ceremony.

The AIIB is a regional inter-governmental development institution focused on supporting infrastructure development. It is the first multinational financial institution sponsored by China. As of December 19, 2018, the bank's membership had reached 93, second only to that of the World Bank. Among its members, there are five G7 members, 16 G20 members, and four UN Security Council permanent members.

Among other sectors, the bank will initially invest in energy and electricity, transport, telecommunications, rural and agricultural infrastructure, water supply and sewerage, environmental protection, urban development, and logistics. The first batch of loans was approved in June 2016.


2013年10月,中国国家主席习近平提出了筹建亚洲基础设施投资银行(简称亚投行)的倡议。在历经800余天筹备后,由中国倡议成立、57 国共同筹建的亚投行于2015年12月25日在北京宣告成立。2016 年1月16日,亚投行举行了开业仪式,习近平主席出席并致辞。亚投行是一个政府间性质的区域多边开发机构,重点支持基础设施建设,这是首个由中国倡议设立的多边金融机构。截至2018年12月19日,共有93个成员,总成员数仅次于世界银行,涵盖了西方七国集团中的5个、二十国集团中的16个和联合国安理会常任理事国中的4个。亚投行初期投资重点领域包括能源与电力、交通和电信、农村和农业基础设施、供水与污水处理、环境保护、城市发展以及物流等,首批贷款计划已于 2016年6月获准。