Quick Facts

  • Brief introduction to China

    China is an East Asian country with a large territory, a huge population and an ancient history. With written records dating back 4,000 years, it is recognized as one of the four great ancient civilizations of the world, together with ancient Egypt, Babylon and Greece. Moreover, it is the only ancient civilization that has continued to this very day.

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    The Chinese Constitution requires that all Chinese children receive nine years of compulsory education, including six years of primary school and three years of junior middle school.

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    Land and mineral resources

    The composition and distribution of China’s land resources have three major characteristics: (1) variety in type -- cultivated land, forests, grasslands, deserts and tideland; (2) more mountains and plateaus than flatlands and basins; (3) unbalanced distribution: farmland mainly concentrates in the east, grasslands largely in the west and north, and forests mostly in the far northeast and southwest.

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    Rivers and lakes

    China abounds in rivers. More than 1,500 rivers each drain 1,000 square kilometers or larger areas. More than 2,700 billion cubic meters of water flow along these rivers, 5.8% of the world’s total.

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    China, one of the world’s most ancient civilizations, has a recorded history of nearly 4,000 years.

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    China is a unified nation consisting of many different ethnic groups. Fifty-six different ethnic groups make up the great Chinese national family.

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    The People’s Republic of China is located in the eastern part of the Asian continent, on the western Pacific rim.

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    Administrative division

    According to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the country’s administrative units are currently based on a three-tier system.

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    Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world. The metropolis, located in north China, is governed as one of the four municipality directly under the central government.

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    National day

    The National Day of the People’s Republic of China is celebrated every year on October 1.

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